UNIT 1 - IML001


There will be at least four video presentations showing activities of border control officers at the ports of entry and types of visa frauds

All lectures will have power point presentation and backed up by lecture notes.


Module 1 - Immigration - brief history functions

Module 2 - Why rules and regulations 

Module 3 - Types of visas – how to choose correct visa

Various topics related to visa criteria for popular visas will be taught and discussed in Modules 4 to 9. 

Please note that this is an Introductory skills developing course. Therefore the lessons are not designed to go into details of the application of rules and regulations. The details can be studied in other subjects.

Module 4 - Understanding the structure of rules and regulation - criteria for specific visa types

Module 5 -  Continued from topic 4 - visa types. Criteria at the time of application and at the time of decision

Module 6 - students will get opportunity to examine and compare rules from each of the five countries. 

Module 7 - compare and analyse common visas

Module 8 - visas types - student, family reunion, skilled, parent, spouse, business,

Module 9 - entertainment, sports, religious visas, business, tourists, carer, sponsorship for both for temporary and permanent positions 

Module 10 - Breach of visa conditions, pitfalls

Module 11 - Review process – right of appeal (who can or cannot appeal)

Module 12 - Revision




Module 1 – Introductory topic will look at history of migration in brief, how policies came about, political and social pressures, why people choose to Migrate, how the process begins.

- Difference between Immigration, Migration and emigration

- Changing face of Migration

- How the process begins

- Migrate types 

- Are there limits – controls, quotas

- Forces of change – pressure groups and how institutions (example Parliaments) respond.

- A short video on Border Control


Module 2 - General Introduction to Legislation. Why need for rules and regulations – compare Corporations, Criminal, Traffic and other types of law. Why we need them? Who makes them and who implements, people at the forefront of border control. Document gathering, checking authenticity. Verification and consequences arising out of fraudulent documents?

- Migration – Act of Parliament 

- Why Border Control?

- What happens at Border Control – look at legislation. Student share their experience or answer questions from the video screened in the first session.

- Similarities between legislation of various countries – are the approaches same?


Module 3 – Importance of understanding visas, (is it a case where one size fits all)?

- What is a visa

- Visa types – why?

- Understanding visas

- Response time limit to questions (request for information/adverse information) from department or your case officer

- Making a valid application

- Processing priorities and capping

- Is entry guaranteed once you arrive at the port of entry?

- Students will review another video


Module 4 to 9 – Identification of visas, interpretation and application process is introduced. The materials covered in these topics forms the essential framework – also helps students to identify which categories of visas (applicants) are in demand overseas. Discussions on how people are chosen – points system.


- Temporary and permanent visas

- Onshore and offshore applications

- Points test and pass marks where applicable

- Legislative controls and implementation

- Sponsorship

- Business visas

- How to address criteria

- Flow charts

- Statements/ full disclosure

- Various case studies

- Character and medical tests when and if required


Module 10 – Breach of visa conditions – Is entry guaranteed or does a particular visa type allow you to do anything and everything.  What happens if you do something which is not permissible or is prohibited under the condition imposed on your visa.

- General overview

- Cancellation and consequences

- Implications on accompanying dependants

- Being unlawful/ difference between being lawful and unlawful

- What to do in such situations

- Voluntary departure

- Removal and deportation


Module 11 – Refusals – what happens when an application is refused? Do you have an automatic right of appeal? How to prepare for appeals. Options.

- Decisions that may be reviewed

- Tribunals for review

- Access to information held in department files

- How to prepare for review – merit review and judicial review.


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